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Engaging the Disengaged Teacher: Supporting Teachers to Embrace Change

It has been said that if nothing ever changed, there’d be no butterflies; also, progress is not possible without change. So if this is true, why is it so hard to get teachers to change? In a day and age of high stakes testing and ever increasing accountability, teachers can feel burdened just getting through the day. Therefore asking teachers to revamp the manner in which they teach, can often be the straw that broke the camel’s back.

Several years ago I found this note in my bag after a long hot day at a Summer Teacher’s Institute:

"My allergies were acting up. It was so hot in the classroom I was in. There was this old guy up front talking about standards and it was so dry that I thought I wouldn't last the first 30 minutes! Then the lady with the name tags came in and I realized I was in the wrong class. I found my way to the right class to discover this bright animated woman and a room full of interested people. I was saved! The week flew by and I am a new teacher. I can't wait for summer to be over and to start trying the things I learned. “

How do we emulate this type of learning and engage teachers to embrace change? I believe that educators, literacy coaches, principals, any other school leaders or professional learning consultants can use five techniques to help teachers embrace change.

One: The Power of Why

The first method I rely on in in order to motivate change is The Power of Why. When teachers spend precious time at an in-service or a meeting, they want to know how this time will benefit their teaching. They want to know that the methods being shared will make a difference in their instruction. In order to do this I give actual or anecdotal data that shows the results of using the techniques I am sharing. In a writer’s workshop presentation or Being a Writer day, I often share beginning and ending writing samples at the onset. Samples like the one below show teachers what can happen in a writer’s workshop or Being a Writer class:

A.J.’s writing sample from November:

He couldn’t read back a word of this when asked.

A.J.’s writing sample in April:

A.J. wrote ten more pages on this humorous narrative and could read every word.

If I am presenting a topic in reading or Making Meaning, I will share stories of actual students that read 40 to 50 novels in one year and grew five levels on the Benchmark Assessment System. This sharing takes no longer than five minutes, but saves time convincing teachers to attend to my message at later points in the day.

Two: Clear Directions

The next method I believe helps teachers embrace change is providing Clear Directions. Once teachers have decided what is being presented is something they want to try, we must give them the exact instructions in how to do so. Being a Writer, Being a Reader, and Making Meaning provide some of the clearest directions I have seen in 36 years of teaching. A few hours spent sharing how simple these programs are to follow motivates even the most reluctant teachers. If I am teaching a regular writer’s or reader’s workshop, I must spend many days making it clear and simple for teachers to follow the systems that make these workshops run effectively.

Three: Respect

Another aspect that encourages change is Respect. Teachers of the 21st Century are often questioned by parents, administrators, politicians, and the public in general. There was a day in our country when teachers were trusted to do their job. That era is long gone; therefore, if teachers see us as yet one more entity who disapproves of the job they are doing, we will lose our audience before we begin. This is why I begin every session I teach by stating how much I appreciate what any group of teachers is already doing. I begin by thanking them for the job they do and the hours they put in. I share with them that I believe this is the hardest job in the world AND the most important. I warn them that throughout the day I will be challenging their thinking and asking them to consider new ways of doing things. I then remind them that they are ALREADY doing a super job and I know this. I share with them how hard it was for me to change my methods during my career and how I hated every fall when the newest best program had just come along, and I was to throw the baby out with the bath water and begin again. This often leads to sharing a sample or anecdote as in step one from above to show them just what happened when I did embrace these new changes.

Four: Humor

Another technique I employ is Humor. I realize this doesn’t work for everyone, but I believe a little humor goes a long way. I love to share a joke or two up front and throughout the day. It is even better if this is a story about an actual student. Humans love to laugh. “Neuroscience research reveals that humor systematically activates the brain's dopamine reward system, and cognitive studies show that dopamine is important for both goal-oriented motivation and long-term memory, while educational research indicates that correctly-used humor can be an effective intervention to improve retention in students from kindergarten through college.” (Sarah Henderson, Edutopia, 2015) I won’t waste your time here, but if you need some great teacher jokes, email me!

Five: Cooperative Structures and Movement Activities

Last and definitely not least are Cooperative Structures and Movement Activities. Often during the day, teachers need to Turn and Talk and reflect on what they are learning. I also like to use whip arounds, museum walks, walk and talk, inside-outside circle, philosophical chair debates, etc. Anything that gets teachers up, moving, and thinking helps them to learn and embrace what the presenter is sharing. Even if what we have to share is valuable, if teachers are bored during the presentation, we lose our audience. If we lose our audience, they will not try the ideas we are suggesting.

In other words, we must teach adults using the same best practices that we use in our classrooms on a daily basis. A world without progress or butterflies is not one I choose. Let’s work hard this year to motivate the teachers we work with to embrace change; let’s create many more butterflies.

Kathy King-Dickman is a consultant at Center for the Collaborative Classroom.

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Comments (3)

I think you have "hit the

I think you have "hit the nail on the head" with your comments here.  I believe teachers need to adjust with the ever changing education of our nation.  When I began teaching I swore to myself that I would never be one of those teachers who didn't accept change or was stuck in the same methods of teaching.  As I have began to work through my masters program, I have found so many ways to better myself as a teacher and have realized I haven't been changing enough for my students.  I know I get stuck in the same rut every year teaching what is familar to me and what I am comfortable teaching.  I have gained a new perspective and look forward to all the changes that I can make in my classroom.  

The five steps you list 1) The Power of Why; 2) Clear Directions; 3) Resepect; 4) Humor; and 5) Cooperative Structures and Movement Activities are all excellent things to take into account for teachers.  I know these are the things are important for teacher trainings, but I also feel they are important for us as teachers to include in our own classrooms for our students.  They need to know why they are learning it, have clear directions, be respected as individuals, have humor in the lesson that included cooperative structures and movement activities that are engaging and bring them into the lesson.  I sure know  I appreciate it when instructors include these at conferences or trainings I attend, I'm sure students would agree it makes a days worth of sitting worth while and so much more is absorbed into our minds!

We as teachers are constantly

We as teachers are constantly changing because our districts are continually adopting new curriculums at the same time our schools are adding/adjusting their instructional and achievement goals.  As I was reading your steps to promote change, I was thinking how this correlates to the best practices we employ for our students.  1) Power of Why - We place the "kid friendly" learning outcomes on the board and continually refer to them during our instruction.   2). Clear Directions - We give directions (several times LOL!) and often in different ways in order to read all learners.  We then have the students repeat them, discuss them with peers, etc..  3).  Respect - I have learned that by showing my students respect, I receive that respect back.  It is amazing what they will do for somebody they feel cares about them. 4.  Humor - There is nothing like the roar of laughter from your students.  Sometimes it takes silliness to engage and also embed the learning for my students.   They love it!  5.  Cooperative Structures and Movement Activities - Our school is one of the leading schools in All-School-Movement.  Each day our students engage in 3 - 20 minute movement activities.  It is our beleif that this benefits all students and gets their blood flowing so their brains work better.  


I agree with all of these

I agree with all of these ideas and think they are presented very clearly.  I wish administrators and higher ups would read this list, too.  I am not opposed to change, but one thing I was opposed to was working with a program that was going smoothly and was increasing all-important test scores, and then wham!  The program was changed or dismantled and we had to start all over again.  Times like that, the "why?" was never answered, except to say that it was something the district wanted.  It would take so much time to learn and implement the new program and it was so frustrating because the old one wasn't even that old and it was working!  This happened to me two times in six years in one job position I held, and then continued to happen in the eight years I taught at a community college, and that was the main reason I quit.

I wish the district people could read this list!